Events

Evolutionary landscapes and retrospective processes

Evolutionary landscapes and retrospective processes"

The evolutionary ecology of host defence and counter-defence

The evolutionary ecology of host defence and counter-defence

Interaction networks in microbial communities

Interaction networks in microbial communities

Rules of microbial community assembly

Rules of microbial community assembly

Exploiting the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance mutations to selectively eliminate resistant bacteria

Exploiting the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance mutations to selectively eliminate resistant bacteria

Fragility of ideas

Fragility of ideas
Having ideas is common, bad ones more so than good ones. However even the best ones are difficult to translate into practice because they encounter hurdles during their development. The talk 'fragility of ideas' deals with the nature of these hurdles and discusses the human factors which create and influence them in a variety of different historical and contextual settings. As a guide it uses the story of the development of new heart valve technology which I accompanied from the concept to clinical application. [more]

Quid pro quo – the evolutionary and psychological origins of reciprocal help

Quid pro quo – the evolutionary and psychological origins of reciprocal help

The inevitable density-dependent dispersal in viral populations and its role in viral evolution

The inevitable density-dependent dispersal in viral populations and its role in viral evolution

Theory in Spring

Evolutionary Theory across scales of organisation Part III

Theory in Spring

Evolutionary Theory Across Scales of Organisation Part II

Nonlinear averaging in 2D: intraspecific variation in two interacting species and consequences for population dynamics

Theory in Spring

High-resolution dynamics of bacterial lineage diversity during adaptation to weak antibiotic pressure

High-resolution dynamics of bacterial lineage diversity during adaptation to weak antibiotic pressure

Antibiotic Resistance: Public health ethics, medical ethics and individual moral responsibility

Antibiotic resistance: Public health ethics, medical ethics and individual moral responsibility

The genotype-phenotype-phenotype-phenotype-fitness map

The genotype-phenotype-phenotype-phenotype-fitness map

Vaccine distribution ethics: monotheism or polytheism?

Vaccine distribution ethics: monotheism or polytheism?

Introduction to Bioethics and Politics in the United States

Bioethics Seminar Series: Introduction to Bioethics and Politics in the United States

Evolutionary dynamics of indirect reciprocity with endogenous norms

Evolutionary dynamics of indirect reciprocity with endogenous norms

Type VI Secretion System: structure and function of a bacterial killing machine

Type VI Secretion System: structure and function of a bacterial killing machine

Geometric properties of spin models

Geometric properties of spin models

Genomic, cell biological, and biochemical mosaics in bacteria-animal endosymbioses

Genomic, cell biological, and biochemical mosaics in bacteria-animal endosymbioses

Molecular evolution in the presence of limited recombination

Molecular evolution in the presence of limited recombination

Going viral? Panel at ESOF 2020

Going viral? Panel at ESOF 2020
How can the spread of COVID 19 be controlled? One approach that has been discussed lately is to release a virally transmitted vaccine to disperse it among the population. But is this really ethically acceptable? Join the panel at ESOF 2020 on Sept 3, 18:00 - 19:30, co-organized by Guy Reeves, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology! [more]

De novo mutations in human skin microbiomes

De novo mutations in human skin microbiomes

Exploring the physical geography of an empirical fitness landscape

Exploring the physical geography of an empirical fitness landscape

Division of labour and disease dynamics in clonal ant societies

Division of labour and disease dynamics in clonal ant societies

In the beginning was an ecosystem: The onset of evolution at the origin of life

In the beginning was an ecosystem: The onset of evolution at the origin of life

The Stabilizing Role of Mutation; or, Towards understanding Network Topologies under Evolutionary Dynamics

The Stabilizing Role of Mutation; or, Towards understanding Network Topologies under Evolutionary Dynamics"

Modeling cancer evolution: integrating theory with experiment

Modeling cancer evolution: integrating theory with experiment

Selection, adaptation, and generalization

Connecting individual eukaryotic cells with friends and enemies in the sea

Connecting individual eukaryotic cells with friends and enemies in the sea

The structure-function problem in microbial communities

The structure-function problem in microbial communities

The Entangled Fates of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Microbes usually don't live isolated but in large communities. Despite the importance of these communities for our health and well being, we have a very limited understanding of how these communities mechanistically work. A central factor that shapes microbial assemblages are the interactions between the microbes. [more]

Adam Eyre-Walker: Variation in the effective population size between species and along genomes

virtual seminar - Matthew Osmond: Predicting the genetic basis and genetic signature of evolutionary rescue

Scott Miller: Plasticity lost and found: cyanobacterial adaptation to novel environments

Diversity Day

Alexey Mikaberidze: A new component of tolerance of wheat to its major fungal pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici operating on individual leaves

Seminar series on The Evolution of Genomic Architecture - Eduardo Rocha: Horizontal transfer: from gene acquisition to functional innovation

Jamie Blundell: The Evolutionary Dynamics and Fitness Landscape of Clonal Expansions in Our Blood

Bruce Levin: An excursion into the population and evolutionary dynamics of bacteriophage

Claus Rüffler: Adaptive evolutionary diversification in multivariate trait spaces - methodological advances and a case study

Workshop "Evolution of interacting populations"

Søren Molin: Survival strategies in bacterial populations during persistent lung infections

Fungal Symposium 2019

Michael Seeger: Genetic diversity of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis strains from Central Chile and their phylogenetic relationships with strains from America, Europe and Africa

Special Seminar - Benjamin Kostiuk: Changes in competitiveness of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae across pandemics

Special seminar -Joerg Albert: Dipteran acoustic communication systems: fruit flies and mosquitoes

Jens Christian Claussen: Boolean Network Analysis of microbial communities

Special Seminar - Sophia Rudorf: Predicting the dynamics of mRNA translation

Special seminar - Andrea Betancourt: The P-element invasion of Drosophila simulans

Seminar series on The Evolution of Genomic Architecture - John Parsch: Gene expression variation in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster

Special Seminar - Pierrick Bourrat: Transitions in Evolution: A Formal Analysis

Special Seminar - Shai Carmi: Population genetics of the Bronze Age Levant

Seminar series on The Evolution of Genomic Architecture - Guojie Zhang: Genomic insights into adaptation, speciation and macroevolution

Genomic insights into adaptation, speciation and macroevolution
Characterization of genomic biodiversity through comprehensive species sampling has the potential to revolutionize our understanding of macroevolution, which focus on the patterns of biodiversity over time and space. Comparative genomics across long evolution timescale have brought new insights on building the link between the change in molecular level and the evolution of global biodiversity. I will give some examples to show how phylogenomics and comparative genomics analyses have the potential to overcome the challenges in connecting microevolution and macroevolution. Resolving the phylogeny for species experienced rapid radiation in ancestral stage such as bird class has long been a challenge in systemic biology. We proposed to utilize full genome data in phylogenetic analyses, which have been confirmed very successful and have produced a highly supported avian order phylogeny that resolves many debates on the timing and topology of their radiation. The new avian phylogenic tree has changed our view of the evolutionary process of many avian life-history traits. Whole genome comparison for all bird species with other vertebrate species revealed several distinct macroevolution patterns of avian genome. Different with other animal lineages that develop evolutionary innovation by obtaining new genetic materials, the bird genomes have extremely low new gene born rate. Instead, our studies suggest the bird genomes obtain millions of elements that specifically only conserved in bird lineages that can modify the expression patterns of the associated genes leading to the development of key avian trait innovations. [more]

Rees Kassen: From so simple a beginning - Adaptation and diversification in microbial populations

Christina Pawlowitsch and Josef Hofbauer: Costly Signaling - Rationality and Evolution

Costly Signaling: Rationality and Evolution
1000 - Part I: Belief-based reasoning in costly signaling games (Christina Pawlowitsch, Universite Pantheon-Assas, Paris 2); 1130 - Part II: Evolutionary dynamics of costly signaling games (Josef Hofbauer, University of Vienna) [more]

Special Seminar - Jacob Roved: Sex differences in immune responses: hormonal effects, antagonistic selection, and evolutionary consequences

Ellen Baake: Modelling and simulating Lenski’s long-term evolution experiment

Special Seminar - Robert Karn und Christina Laukaitis: The evolutionary history of the Abp gene family ex­­pansion in the genus Mus

Seminar series on The Evolution of Genomic Architecture - Laura Landweber: RNA-mediated Genome Rearrangement in the Ciliate Oxytricha

Special seminar - Despoina Mavridou: Disulfide bond formation underpins antimicrobial resistance in Enterobacteria

Martin Stervander: "Speciation in finches on isolated islands"

Victor de Lorenzo: Evolution as heterotic computing - How environmental bacteria conquest the chemical space

Daniel Falush: The landscape of coadaptation in Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Seminar series on Mathematical Evolutionary Biology - Alison Etheridge: Modelling evolution in a spatial continuum

Special Seminar - Yoland Savriama: Symmetry and Asymmetry in Biological Shapes: Concepts, Methods and Applications

Welcome to the Max-Planck-Day!

  • Date: Sep 14, 2018
  • Time: 13:00 - 19:00
  • Location: MPI Plön

Michael McDonald: Adaptation in recombining experimental populations of microbes, and the repeatability of evolution

Special Seminar - Michael Raatz: How consumers cope with nutritional (co-)limitation in variable environments

Special Seminar - Shirley Raveh: Effects of pathogens, diet, and social behaviour

Honour McCann: Emergence and Evolution of Plant Infectious Disease

Special Seminar - Anja Guenther: Development and function of animal personality in wild cavies

Rafal Mostowy: Diversity and evolution of polysaccharide antigens in Enterobacteriaceae

Eugene Gladyshev: Towards the general mechanism of recombination-independent recognition of DNA homology

Pierrick Bourrat: Dissolving the Fitness-Decoupling Paradox in Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality

Philippe Remigi: The evolution of phenotypic heterogeneity in Pseudomonas fluorescens

Hanna Kokko: "Males exist. Does it matter?"

Johanna Klughammer: "Reference genome independent DNA methylation analysis. Mapping genome-wide DNA methylation patterns across the species tree"

Seminar Series on Evolutionary Medicine - Andrew Read: When drugs stop working: antimicrobial resistance and what to do about it.

Bartlomiej Waclaw: The physics of drug resistance

Seminar Series on Evolutionary Medicine - Frank Rühli: Ongoing evolution, how anatomy and physiology changes.

Seminar Series on Evolutionary Medicine - Jenny Tung: The importance of being social - social interactions, gene regulation,and fitness in nonhuman primates

MPI at the ERN

Please find the program of the ERN in Plön here (in German): http://www.wissenschafftzukunft-kiel.de/nacht-der-wissenschaft/programm/ploen.html [more]

Ayari Fuentes-Hernandez: Evolution of drug resistance in heterogeneous environments

Tom Bruns: A burning interest in post-fire fungal communities

ceremonial act of the MPI

talk by John Pannell

Bruce McDonald: "Using Population Genomics to Understand Pathogen Adaptation to Agroecosystems"

Marta Szulkin: Watching life from space - tit trait variation in the Anthropocene

Angel Sánchez: Humans as social subjects - placing interactions in context

Michael Fontaine: A phylogenomic portrait of radiation and introgression in the An. gambiae complex

Tobias Kaiser will give his inaugural lecture at the MPI. [more]

Sergey Gavrilets: Collective action and the internalization of social norms

Symposium: Natural Selection is Ecology in Action

Fabrizio Mafessoni: Bonobos' sexual behavior and parental care influence the accumulation of deleterious alleles on the X-chromosome

Yvan I. Russell: Sociality in great apes: studies of reputation, food sharing, and grooming

Dan Benesh: The evolution of complex parasite life cycles

CANCELLED - Ed Louis: "Population genomics and quantitative genetics in yeast"

Asger Hobolth: Inferring population history from DNA sequences: Methods, models and challenges.

Boys´ Day at the MPI

  • Date: Apr 28, 2016
  • Time: 08:00 - 15:00
  • Location: MPI Plön

Brite: Bridging Theory and Experiments

extended registration: Interested researchers are still welcome to register by email to Ursula Krützfeldt (krutzfeldt@evolbio.mpg.de). This annual event wants to build a bridge between the disciplines of evolutionary biology and ecology to system biology and medicine. The goal is to provide a regional platform for scientists applying mathematical and computational methods to biological problems. [more]

Toni Gossmann: The great tit genome and its implications for genome evolution

A genomics approach to migration in high-flying moths

The evolution of testis transcriptomes among primates

Genetics of Migration – a case study of willow warblers

Patricia Wittkopp: Evolution of gene expression: from mutation polymorphism to divergence

Abstract: “As a feature of life on earth, language is one of science’s great remaining mysteries” 1:1. From early childhood on, human children produce a rich array of sounds, a manifestation of their potent urge to engage in communicative activities, obtain objects, and affect the thinking and behaviour of other people. Speech consists of over 100 acoustically unique phones, commonly combined into rapid sequences, which serve as the main carriers of meaning. These two characteristics—a rich acoustic portfolio and the predisposition to combine basic units into more complex acoustic strings—appear to be unique to the human species, and call for an evolutionary investigation 1,2. However, only recently has the topic of language origins returned to respectability after a long exile, including scholars from a wide variety of scientific disciplines such as Anthropology, Comparative Psychology, Computational Biology, Primatology, Linguistics, and Neuroscience for a recent overview see 3. Additionally, scholars have been focusing more and more on different components of language, for each of which a different evolutionary story is appropriate 4. A crucial component are gestures, which are used to communicate alongside, or instead of, speaking and are integral parts of speech and thinking in language 3. Moreover, human children go through a gesture phase before they use their first spoken words to interact and direct the attention of their caretakers 5. It thus has been hypothesized that this brief period in human ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny, with gestures being the launching pad out of which human speech may have blossomed e.g. 6,7. This so called gesture-first hypothesis especially inspired comparative researchers to search for evolutionary precursors to human language in nonhuman primate gesturing 7. Here, I will present an overview of the state of the art and focus in detail on recent findings concerning similarities and differences in gestural abilities of great apes and humans. In addition, I will introduce recent findings 8 on gestural abilities of the corvid family, ravens (Corvus corax), to evaluate the question whether comparable communicative behaviours reflect comparable cognitive abilities. 1 Knight, C., Studdert-Kennedy, M. & Hurford, J. R. in The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form (eds Chris Knight, Michael Studdert-Kennedy, & James R. Hurford) 1-15 (Cambridge University Press, 2000). 2 Hauser, M. D., Chomsky, N. & Fitch, W. T. The faculty of language: What is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? Science 298, 1568-1579 (2002). 3 McNeill, D. How Language Began. Gesture and Speech in Human Evolution. 278 (Cambridge University Press, 2012). 4 Hurford, J. R. Recent developments in the evolution of language. Cognitive Systems 7, 23-32 (2006). 5 Bates, E., Benigni, L., Bretherton, I., Camaioni, L. & Volterra, V. The Emergence of Symbols: Cognition and Communication in Infancy. (Academic Press, 1979). 6 Hewes, G. W. Primate communication and the gestural origin of language. Current Anthropology 12, 5-24 (1973). 7 Tomasello, M. Origins of Human Communications. 268 (MIT Press, 2008). 8 Pika, S. & Bugnyar, T. The use of referential gestures in ravens (Corvus corax) in the wild. Nature Communications 2, 1-5, doi:10.1038/ncomms1567 (2011). [more]

Anna-Liisa Laine: Ecology and evolution of co-infection

Abstract: Co-infections by multiple pathogen strains are common in the wild. Theory predicts co-infections to have major consequences for both within- and between-host disease dynamics, but data are currently scarce. Here, we study co-infection dynamics of powdery mildew Podosphaera plantaginis in its host populations of Plantago lanceolata in the Åland Islands, SW Finland. We find coinfection to be common yet spatially structured in the wild. A common garden experiment showed that disease prevalence was higher in co-infected treatments both at the host genotype and population levels than in singly-infected treatments. Our experimental findings are confirmed in natural pathogen populations—more devastating epidemics were measured in populations with higher levels of co-infection. Moreover, populations supporting high levels of co-infection had higher pathogen survival between seasons, and genetic diversity is increased suggesting increased opportunities for outcrossing in the pathogen. Jointly, our results confirm the predictions made by theoretical and experimental studies for the potential of co-infection to alter disease dynamics across a large host–pathogen metapopulation. [more]

Andreas Beyer: Revealing the genetic basis of complex traits

Abstract: Most phenotypes show complex inheritance and continuous variation, which play a central role in evolution and susceptibility to disease. We have developed a suite of computational methods for the elucidation of the genetic contribution to molecular, cellular, and organismal traits. Of particular importance in this context are epistatic interactions, i.e. the unexpected effects of allele combinations from different loci. For example, by exploiting the information contained in known family trios we could for the first time detect allele incompatibilities in a mouse population. Based on data from a mouse panel with more than 2,000 heterozygous mice we detected 168 statistically significant interactions, which is substantially more than what had previously been reported in the literature. Further, we developed extensions of the Random Forest machine learning method, enabling us to detect epistatic interactions in QTL mapping data with unprecedented sensitivity. E.g. by applying this framework to yeast proteomics data we found that almost one third of all QTL were involved in epistatic effects on protein concentrations, underlining the importance of epistasis for understanding complex traits. Finally, the application of these ideas to RNA-sequencing data has revealed the importance of the non-coding transcriptome for understanding the molecular mechanisms of phenotype variation. [more]

Yasuo Ihara: Evolution of physical weakness by partner choice

Abstract: Male primates often have larger and more projecting canine teeth than females. Species comparisons show an association between the level of canine sexual dimorphism and the intensity of male-male competition, suggesting that canines function as a weapon in inter-male conflicts. Compared with most non-human primates, humans have small and non-projecting canines. It has been shown that male canines were already reduced in Mio-Pliocene hominins, long before the emergence of tool making or large brain. In other words, humans were physically weak from the very beginning. Even though natural selection is likely to have played a part, it is unknown why small canines could be selectively favored over larger ones. My hypothesis supposes socially-induced selection for physical weakness. Specifically, I focus on the possibility that partner choice in coalition formation might have created a novel selection pressure. I further explore this possibility using an individual-based simulation model. [more]
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